This is one of the Sensor types.
Part Number: DHT22
Function: Digital-output relative humidity & temperature sensor/module
Package: 4 Pin Module type
Manufacturer: Aosong Electronics
DHT22 also named as AM2302
The DHT22 output calibrated digital signal. It utilizes exclusive digital-signal-collecting-technique and humidity sensing technology, assuring its reliability and stability.Its sensing elements is connected with 8-bit single-chip computer.
Every sensor of this model is temperature compensatedand calibrated in accurate calibration chamber and the calibration-coefficient is saved in type of programme in OTP memory, when the sensor is detecting, it will cite coefficient from memory. Small size & low consumption & long transmission distance(20m) enable DHT22to be suited in all kinds of harsh application occasions.
Single-row packaged with four pins, making the connection very convenient.
The DHT22 is a basic, low-cost digital temperature and humidity sensor. It uses a capacitive humidity sensor and a thermistor to measure the surrounding air, and spits out a digital signal on the data pin (no analog input pins needed). Its fairly simple to use, but requires careful timing to grab data. The only real downside of this sensor is you can only get new data from it once every 2 seconds, so when using our library, sensor readings can be up to 2 seconds old.
Simply connect the first pin on the left to 3-5V power, the second pin to your data input pin and the right most pin to ground. Although it uses a single-wire to send data it is not Dallas One Wire compatible! If you want multiple sensors, each one must have its own data pin!
DHT22 Datasheet PDF
Reference AM2302 PDF
Thanks for Mark Seiffert